A new elastic disc brake pad device is designed. A mathematical model on railway vehicle elastic disc brake is established compared with the non-elastic brake pad by uni-wheel set braking simulation. The simulation results show that the elastic brake pad could guarantee the vehicle braking performance as same as the non-elastic brake pad. When the friction surface of the brake disc or pad has defects, the elastic brake pad can effectively reduce the vibration of the friction force between the brake pad and the brake disc. It has been proved that the correctness and rationality of the design. A new idea for the design and analysis of the disc brake system is provides.