By means of the finite differential method, the Reynolds equation is solved and the static characteristics of herringbone grooved hydrodynamic journal bearing are numerically analyzed by presenting the circumferential and axial pressures. The influences of parameters such as the eccentricity, width-diameter ratio of bearing, spiral angle, depth and number of grooves, on the static characteristics of herringbone grooved bearing are discussed. The results indicate that the normal pressure of oil film and the load carrying capacity as well, of herringbone grooved bearing will decrease with the increase of groove number and depth. On the other hand, as the pressure distributes in wider area in the circumferential direction, the stability of bearing can be improved. In consideration of these two aspects, the optimal groove number is 8-12, and the selection of depth and screw angle of grooves should also be chosen carefully to obtain the significant performance of herringbone grooved bearing.