We report reactivity of silicon doped single walled carbon nanotube (Si-CNT) towards the small atmospheric gas molecules O2, CO2, SO2 and NO2 using density functional theory based on the numerical basis set method. The reactivity of these molecules is explained on the basis of electronic properties such as binding energy, charge density, charge transfer and density of states. The large change in binding energy and formation of sigma (σ) bonds between silicon and oxygen atoms shows the strong chemisorption of the molecules on Si-CNT. Further, the density of states analysis clearly illustrate the reduction in the band gap and creation of extra state near the Fermi level, which acts as a catalytic center for adsorption of the molecules. The Mulliken population analysis indicates the charge transfer from Si-CNT to the molecules due to their more electronegativity.