Mechanical properties and microstructures of Ti811 alloys under different heat treatment conditions were studied. The results show that the microstructures of Ti811 alloy consist of α, massive β and grain-boundary β after normal annealing. The intensity and hardness decreased, while the ductility increased. After double annealing, the primary phase α reduced and needle-like secondary α〞 was formed. The massive β and grain-boundary β changed into intergranular β gradually. The microstructure was relatively uniform. Then the intensity and hardness increased, the ductility decreased when compared to general annealing. The needle-like secondary α〞and metastable β would break down into dispersed α and β after solution hardening and aging. The combination properties of alloys would be improved. According to fractography of titanium alloy, the fracture mechanism of the Ti811 alloy was dissociation - brittle intergranular fracture, which was a type of fracture between the intergranular fracture of brittle and cleavage fracture.