Carbon-Carbon composite materials are widely used as the surface thermal protection systems (TPS) of advanced high-speed air-craft and spacecraft. The thin-walled structures with this kind of materials would exhibit large displacement response under high-level acoustic loads and possibly display buckling at elevated temperatures. Reliable experimental data are difficult to acquire because of the high costs and difficulties with instrumentation at high acoustic intensity and elevated temperatures. Thus, in the design process greater emphasis will likely be placed on improved mathematical and computational prediction methods. Among these researches, the simulation methods for nonlinear response of thin-walled composite panels under thermo-acoustic loadings are being developed emphatically .This paper presents a nonlinear finite element model for analyzing nonlinear random dynamic behaviors of Carbon-Carbon composite panels under the combined effects of thermal and random acoustic loads. The acoustic excitation is assumed to be a band-limited Gaussian random noise and uniformly distributed over the structural surface and the thermal load is assumed to be a steady-state with different predefined temperature distribution. Three types of motion: 1) linear random vibration about one of the two buckled positions, 2) snap-through motion between the two buckled positions, and 3) nonlinear random vibration over the two thermally buckled positions can be predicted. And the dynamic response behaviors of the structures are discussed. Based on this, the influences of sound pressure level (SPL) and elevated temperatures on the dynamic responses are analyzed emphatically.