The application of urea peroxide in ramie oxidation degumming was discussed in this paper. And urea peroxide impact on the effect of ramie degumming was analyzed. The experimental results show that four parameters such as time, temperature, the amount of urea peroxide and the dosage of sodium hydroxide have influence on the fiber strength. At the same time, fiber strength with the increase of the amount of urea peroxide is reduced. The fiber strength and the dosage of urea peroxide basically appear linear characteristics. With the increase of time and the amount of sodium hydroxide, the single fiber strength of ramie increases firstly and then decreases. When the temperature is 95°C and the time is 3 hours, the fiber strength is the highest.