To investigate the effect of air flow in an pneumatic splicer on splicing performance, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model has been developed to simulate the air flow characteristics in an splicing chamber. Three-dimensional numerical simulation is conducted and standard K-ε turbulence model is used. Velocity distributions in the chamber are presented and analyzed. The computational results show that the velocities in the chamber are transonic. The air flows in the chamber are two swirling flows with opposite directions. This work also shows that CFD technique can provide a better understanding of the behavior of the high speed air flow in the air splicing chamber.