A phenolic copolymer was synthesized from resorcinol (RSC) and 3,5-dihydroxy benzoic acid (DBA) using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)/H2O2 as the radical copolymerization’s initiateor. It was discussed that the effects of monomer composition on the properties of the copolymer. The best molar ratio was 1:1. The structure and properties of the copolymer was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (HNMR), Molecular weight (MW) was determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The result shows that the average molecular weight of the copolymer is about 40000. The effect of dosage of HRP on the properties of the copolymer was investigated. And the mechanism of polymerization of RSC and DBA was advanced. The copolymer was used as tanning agent, applied results show that it has excellent retanning properties. It was realized the applicatiom of HRP on the phenols syntan.