A reversed high performance liquid chromatography method was developed for the quantitative determination of mimosine and 2,3-DHP in leaves of Leucaena Leucocephala. Mimosine and 2,3DHP were extracted using 0.1N HCl.The chromatograph conditions were investigated and optimized. The optimal HPLC conditions as follows: Agilent HC-C18 column （4.6×150mm,5μm） was used at 30°C. The method used a variable wavelength UV detector at 280nm, the mobile phase consisted of 0.2 % (w/v) orthophosphoric acid and methanol, the gradient elution was adopted. The injection volume was 10μL. The linearity is favorable in the range of 1.0 to 50μg mL-1 with a correlation coefficient of 0.99998 for mimosine and 0.99902 for 2,3DHP. Under the optimal conditions, the method limit of detection (LOD) of mimosine and 2,3DHP were 0.40mg/kg and 0.55mg/kg respectively. The recovery of mimosine was 87.00-94.70% with the RSD (n=5) of 2.75-3.81% in the spiked levels 0,1, 5, 20mg/g. At the same time, the recovery of 2,3DHP was 88-95.4% with the RSD (n=5) of 2.24-4.90%. The method was found to be simple, sensitive, fast and accurate, and has been applied successfully for the quantitative detection of mimosine and 2,3-DHP in leaves of Leucaena Leucocephala, plasma and excretion of ruminant.