In space engineering, pyroshock (or pyrotechnical shock) environments induced by pyrotechnical devices are severe for space hardware, especially the inner electrical components. Thus pyroshock responses need to be well considered in the design and manufacture of a space structure or system. Because of the lack of efficient analytical technique, laboratory tests are of importance at present. This paper experimentally studies the pyroshock responses of a conical aeroshell. Two experiments were performed by ignitions of true pyrotechnical devices. A number of acceleration histories were measured and the corresponding shock response spectrums (SRSs) were analyzed. The results show that the responses, not only in time domain but also in frequency domain, have significant decaying characteristics along the axial distance from the pyroshock sources. The quantitative results provide us a good understanding of local environments for design of the components and the corresponding installations.