Identification of multi-axle moving loads on bridge is very important for bridge design, construction, and maintenance in engineering field. It is complicated and time consuming to identify the multi-axle moving train loads with general identification methods and far away from practical practice. Based on the theory of fuzzy pattern recognition, the fuzzy pattern recognition method for multi-axle moving train loads identification on bridge is presented in this paper. The multi-axle moving loads pattern library on a simply supported bridge is established with numerical methods. Effect of measurement noise on the proposed method is investigated in three situations. The results show that the proposed identification method has a certain resistance to measurement noise and can realize moving train loads identification with high accuracy.