The machinability of nickel-based superalloy GH4169 is very poor, the traditional machining of GH4169 using the cutting fluids with the active additives causes environmental and health problems, which is out of the request of the sustainable development strategy. In this paper a new green cutting technology with overheated water vapor as coolants and lubricants was proposed to achieve the aim of green cutting and high productivity. Cutting experiments and tool wear tests using carbide tool YG6 under dry cutting, emulsion and water vapor were performed. The cutting force, cutting temperature, machined surface quality and tool life were investigated; the curve of flank tool wear and relation between tool life and cutting velocity was carried out. The results of experiments indicated that during water vapor condition, the cutting force and cutting temperature was reduced, the machined surface roughness was improved, and the tool life was longed, respectively, and the higher velocity was taken during the some tool wear condition compared to dry cutting. The research results show that green cutting was achieved associated with overheated water vapor cooling and lubricating, at he same time the machined surface quality and production efficiency was increased.