The riveting is widely used for fitting together two or more elements of structure in the same or different materials. In these assemblies the stress field is complex, we have to consider the effect of the geometrical discontinuity, the contact, the tightening, the material properties and the applied load. The current work focus on the study of fretting fatigue crack formation in common 6XXX aluminum alloys, used in land transportation equipments, and uncovering characteristic origins of crack by experimental and numerical methods based on multi-axial fatigue life models. 3D finite element models were validated by the experimental results obtained with strain gauges. The influences of the contact friction coefficient at the fretting surface, the fastening forces and the remote stress applied in the fretting fatigue experiments on the crack origins are discussed by the comparison of the different numerical results.