MDAM technology is a brand-new and low-cost machining technology. Based on the brief introduction of MDAM system, the generator structure and additional anode access method are in-depth studied. The results show that the cost of consumable parts can be reduced to a minimum of only 10.9% of the original design for optimized generator based on cost reduction, but have the problems of lifespan reduction and frequently replacement. Cost and efficiency are considered comprehensively in the design of final optimized generator, which not only extends the lifespan of consumable pieces about 4 times and improves machining efficiency, but also reduces the cost to only 36.4% of the original design. So it is adopted by the system. On the choice of additional anode access methods, through comprehensive comparison, the method of additional anode attaching with the nozzle directly is ascertained, which is simple and easy realized, and reduces the damage to the surface and sub-surface during the machining of ceramics and other brittle materials. The results lay a solid foundation for further technology promotion.