Sub-bottom profiler is a kind of underwater acoustic imaging equipment. It can scan the sub-water stratums with acoustic signals and presents the section imaging. The frequency rang and transmitting power are key points to choice a suitable profiler. Generally, high frequency means high resolution and small imaging range. Transmitting power affects the imaging range also. Sub-bottom profiler can tell hydraulic and civil engineers what the embankments’ foundation like, especially the distribution of enrockments. With these information, engineers can evaluate the safety of embankments and decide what to do to keep them standing strong. A typical profiler called X-Star and a series of experiments carried on Yellow River, the famous sediment-laden and the 2nd longest river of China.