In order to study forming shape distribution of laser molten pool in laser fabricating, a CCD-based image detection system was developed. The system mainly consists of a CCD-based detector, optical elements, an image acquisition card and its special software. Experiments on shape measurement of the laser molten pool were carried out. It was shown that 2D morphology and the dimension of laser molten pool could be measured in real time. The (X, Y) dimension of the laser molten pool in laser cladding was (2.6 mm, 2.5 mm) with an approximately ellipsoidal shape. Laser cladding parameters were optimized according to the measurement results. It was a non-destructive measurement method, which would be a new method for online measurement and feedback control in laser fabricating.