A two-stage cascade pre-cooling test bed was designed and set up to develop a -30°C /-60°C pre-cooling equipment. An internal heater exchanger and a condenser were set in low-temperature cycle. Theoretically the two stages can work stably at setting temperature and the low-temperature cycle can operate independently with aided starting of the high-temperature cycle. The experimental results indicate that the test bed can provide cooling capacity steadily at -46°C and -100°C respectively and the low-temperature cycle cannot operate alone for compressor overload protection. Based on the analysis, the possible reasons and detailed suggestions were put forward.