Considering the greater character differences between matrix and soil, and the great disparity in physicochemical properties of various substrate, now there is no special equipment to test matrix moisture, electrical conductivity (EC) and salinity of medium .On the basis of analyzing physicochemical properties of various substrate, the relationship between output voltage and water content is studied through piezoelectric type soil moisture probe trial. With "voltage-current" four-terminal method, multi-parameter integrated sensor testing medium moisture and electrical conductivities developed, and through the solution calibration EC measuring model is established. Then relationships among matrix water content, electrical conductivity and salinity are analyzed, and salinity testing model is established. A portable low-cost in-situ multi-parameter detection apparatus, testing substrate humidity, EC and salinities, developed by adopting MCU SPCE06A. Experimental results indicate that detection accuracy of the equipment can meet the need of soilless culture production, and it has greater application and dissemination value.