Digital cameras have been widely used in the areas of road transportation, railway transportation as well as security system. To address the position of digital camera in these fields this paper proposed a geometry calibration method based on feature point extraction of arbitrary target. Under the meaning of the questions, this paper first defines four kinds of coordinate system, that is the world coordinate system. The camera's optical center of the coordinate system is the camera coordinate system, using the same point in different coordinate system of the coordinate transformation to determine the relationship between world coordinate system and camera coordinate. And thus determine the camera's internal parameters and external parameters, available transformation matrix and translation vector indicated by the camera's internal parameters of the external parameters and the establishment of a single camera location model. According to the model, using the camera's external parameters to be on the target circle center point in the image plane coordinates.