Compare with the Rayleigh wave method, ultrasonic creeping waves critically technique for surface and subsurface defects nondestructive measurement for has the prominent advantage, which not sensitive to surface roughness in coarse-grained materials such as austenitic steel, In this paper, the propagation characteristics and beam profiles of the creeping probe were investigated using finite difference method and measured experimentally. The finite difference numerical model for reflection arc part of the IIW block was established. Through the numerical analysis, wavefront snapshots of the creeping wave propagated in the IIW block are very clear to illustrate the mechanism, and the directivity characteristic of the main beam is obtained. The creeping wave sound characteristics were observed using the dynamical photoelastic experimental method. The beam profiles of the creeping wave probe was measured on the IIW block, the experimental measurement results and the numerical analysis are in good agreement. The results are really significant to design an efficient producer for the surface and sub-surface defects detection based on the ultrasonic creeping wave method.In this paper, a numerical modeling of contact conical transducers is discussed in conjunction with wave propagation analyses by a finite difference method (FDM). Although transducers are the devices to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy and vice versa, attention in this paper is paid mostly to the study of characteristics and parameters of cones and wedges influencing their performance. Cones and wedges inserted between an ultrasonic transducer and the specimen provide the transducer with enhanced capability for point or line contact with the specimen. We study the effect of the dimensions, shape and aperture on the frequency response and the angle of incidence of the wave. Through the testing transducer modeling, some conclusions have been drawn from the analysis, which is useful to as the guideline and criteria for an optimum conical wedge design.