Polypropylene(PP)/clay nanocomposites were prepared by solution blending. The microstructure of PP/clay nanocomposites was studied by wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to investigate thermal properties of PP/clay nanocomposites. XRD pattern prove that clay layers were exfoliated into nanometer size in PP matrix and that α-Phase crystallite was the main crystallite of PP in PP/clay nanocomposites. TGA examinations confirmed that the maximum decomposition temperature of PP/clay nanocomposites was higher than that of neat PP and that the thermal stability of PP/clay nanocomposites rose noticeably. Results of DSC scans showed the crystalliztion temperature of nanocomposites was slightly bigger than that of pure PP due to the efficient nucleating effects of clay layers.