The modification of Nano Pt and carbon black compound coating on the fuel cell’s graphite electrode by the method of vacuum ion plating and ethanol catalytic combustion. The microstructures and the electro catalysis properties of the electrode surface before and after the modification were analyzed and tested with the methods of scanning electron microscope(SEM), transmission electron microscope(TEM), electrochemical workstation and so on. The effects of nano Pt and carbon black on the electrode’s electro catalysis properties were investigated. The Study results have shown that carrying on electrochemical properties test to the graphite electrode which has been treated with nano Pt and carbon black compound surface modification, there will be three oxidation peaks in its cyclic voltammograms and the background current will be higher. Compared with the nano Pt surface modification, the electrode which has been treated with nano Pt and carbon black compound surface modification has better ethanol electro catalysis properties. The high specific surface area acquired from the nano carbon black surface modification and the synergic action of the catalytic material Pt can improve the ethanol electro catalysis properties of the electrode effectively.