The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of ablation parameters on the ablation characteristics for the fixed diamond multi-wire sawing by using Taguchi method. Meanwhile, using the optimal ablation parameters, we accomplish the cutting dynamic analysis and controller design of the diamond multi-wire sawing system. In this paper, we apply the Chemical Mechanical Polishing (CMP) theorem to derive the ingot profile and cutting rate equations of the diamond multi-wire sawing system. The characteristics discussed in this paper include ingot profile variance, cutting rate. The ablation parameters are tension force, wire velocity, cutting force, width of the kerf. The orthogonal array, signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and analysis of variance (ANOVA) are employed to analyze the effect of these ablation parameters. In the meantime, we use the optimal ablation parameters to accomplish the controller design of the diamond multi-wire sawing system, include diamond high-speed control of the main roller in the cutting system, cutting rate control and the moving wire bow angle holding.