This study investigated the characteristics of organizational and management factors of safety climate and explored possible important factors on safety self-efficacy and safety practices in steel refinery plants of Taiwan. The safety climate of the company we studied can be characterized as having management committed to workplace safety and took used activities to improve workplace safety and employees who were relationship-focused and low awareness-behavior congruence. Our regression model suggested that team communication, interpersonal interaction, and supervision contribute significantly to predict safety self-efficacy. And safety practices can be significantly predicted by management commitment, team communication, and safety reporting system. The results of the present study have important practical implications for organizational researchers as well as for safety researcher.