For optimal control of synchronous machine, chattering phenomenon will appear if traditional slider control is adopted because permanent magnet synchronous machine is a complex nonlinear time-dependent system with strong coupling of current and rotational speed to cause the deterioration of system control performance with load or load disturbance. In this article, based on the mathematical model of permanent magnet synchronous machine, a control system for it, which combines sliding mode control and active disturbance rejection control, is proposed to improve the dynamic performance and robustness of control system. In the control system, sliding mode control is adopted to control the inner current of machine and active disturbance rejection control is adopted to control the outer speed. The load disturbance of system is also estimated and offset. The results of matlab simulation show that the control system can eliminate serious chattering phenomenon existing in sliding mode control, improves the robustness of system for load and system parameter disturbance as well as has great dynamic and static performance.