Reaction sintering B4C/SiC ceramics with high density were manufactured. The effect of the carbon content in green bodies on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the ceramics has been studied. Results showed that the carbon content and the value of carbon relative density (ρCRD) in the green bodies were the major factors affected the composition, that is, the free silicon and carbon contents and mechanical behaviors of sintered specimens. The optimal value of ρCRD was gotten at 0.85 g/cm3. The fracture toughness, flexural strength, and hardness of the composites increased with increasing carbon content up to 20 wt.%. The maximum values of fracture toughness of 3.8 MPa∙m1/2, flexural strength of 475 MPa, and hardness of 32.0 GPa were obtained under the following process parameters: value of ρCRD in the green bodies was about 0.85 g/cm3; carbon, B4C and SiC contents in green bodies were 20 wt.%, 30 wt.% and 50 wt.%, respectively; compact pressure was 75 MPa and sintering temperature was 1600°C.