TiC/C composite fibers were prepared by vapor phase titanizing of the regular carbon fibers via chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The carbon fibers were titanized from the surface of the fiber to the core. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were applied to characterize the morphology and structure of the TiC/C composite fibers. The influences of CVD reaction conditions such as temperature and reaction time on the TiC particle size and the thickness of the deposited layer were investigated. Higher temperature and longer time resulted in the growth of bigger size of the TiC crystal particles, and the particle uniformity was also decreased.