Soft ground with low bearing capacities is found to large areas in the world. In order to increase the bearing capacity of soft ground and to decreases settlement, some methods were developed for improving the mechanical properties of ground. As a stiffener of soil improvement, bamboo chips were used in this study. Bamboo is one of the fastest-growing plants on Earth and with a large distribution around the world. As a natural material, it is even better for environment and has excellently mechanical characteristic. The bamboo chips were mixed into the test specimen as a stiffener of soil improvement. Unconfined compression test were performed with test specimen, then mechanical characteristics of reinforced soil by cement and bamboo chips were investigated. From the test results, the strength and ductility characteristic of soil improvement are rather better when the bamboo chips are mixed.