This article argues the problem of ecological strategies in the landscape design and planning, and the main contents of ecological strategies. It includes the strategy of landscape sustainable development, which is in conflict with rapid economies and historic preservation, ecological conservation. The paper also discusses why people are the major controllable factor in the ecological strategies. In addition to these, the article studies the composition of landscape ecosystem, integrated ecology and design, integrated uses in landscape area, the method of interdisciplinary working. System theory is involved in this paper to discuss relevant questions.