As an important metallic powder, aluminum powders are used widely in coating, inks and plastic industry. However, it is necessary to treat the aluminum powders first to improve the properties of weather-resistance, anti-corrosion in acidic or basic media and compatibility with resin. The methods of surface treatment of aluminum powders including encapsulation and using corrosive inhibitors are summarized. The kinds of corrosive inhibitors used in the method of corrosion inhibition and their mechanisms are also reviewed. The processes and technologies of inorganic passivation, encapsulation by polymer absorption and by in situ polymerization are introduced. The research directions of aluminum powders are also presented.