A method—characteristic parameters analysis (CPA) is put forward, which is used for quantitative analysis of contact pattern of spiral bevel gears with installation errors. For forming the tooth surface of spiral bevel gears, local synthesis is used. To imitate rolling test machine, the pinion drive torque is calculated under the indentation depth 0.00635mm. Driven by this torque, the size, shape, location and variation of contact pattern are obtained by loaded tooth contact analysis (LTCA). A pair of aviation spiral bevel gears was taken to quantitatively analyze the various contact patterns under different installation errors. The results indicate that the contact pattern is more sensitive to pinion axis installation error.