The loess area ecology environment is very fragile, happening various geological disasters, loess landslides is one of the most mainly the geological disasters in loess area. Lvliang region loess hilly develops common, with the human economic activities increasing, inducing a lot of loess landslides. Taking typical loess landslides as the main research object, the loess landslides of Lvliang region from two aspects of characteristics and mechanism are analyzed. It is considered that the main types of the loess landslides are located within the layer of loess. Landslide is controlled by topography and lithology, landslide mechanism is induced by human economic activities. Through research for the region loess landslides hazard prevention provide the scientific basis.