The blasting method is regarded as a simple, convenient and economical method for constructing the underground structure, so it is advisable method for many underground structures to construct. But the investigation of the effect of the blasting dynamic load on the vicinal tunnel structure is rare, and the effect of blasting on the vicinal structures cannot be ignored either; sometimes, the effect will cause crack and even collapse in the tunnel liner and surrounding rock. So this paper presented the effect of blasting on the vicinal underground structure in differential cases using the finite element software Midas GTS. The investigation in this paper indicated which case will suffer the more severe effect caused by blast and let us know the vibration principle of the underground structure in differential case, and that will provide the knowledge about the vibration caused by blasting to the design and construction by numerical simulation; additionally, this paper has presented the reinforcement method about inserting the bolt into the surrounding rock to analyze how to resist the effect of the blast load. So from this analysis, it can be noted that the blasting method or the explosive energy will be chosen on the basis of different construction shape, and the reasonable location of the bolt will be adopted in order to reduce the effect of the dynamic on the vicinal tunnel structure.