The construction schemes of metro station driven with enlarging shield tunnels based on the shield tunnel in the upper and lower step method of artificial were first used in the dongshankou station of Guangzhou Metro Line VI and applied successfully in practice. This paper analyses and studies comprehensively the affection to the ground on the metro station driven with enlarging shield tunnels through numerical simulation. The study in this paper is mainly considered the ground settlement and movement when enlarging shield tunneling in the left tunnel. The ground settlement and movement up to a certain extent will affect the safety of the above adjacent buildings. This paper will provide some guidance to the application of this construction method in the future.