The infrastructure data plays a significant role in the construction and maintenance of the rural roads. It is highly necessary to better examine the rural roads infrastructure data, ensuring the authenticity, accuracy and validity of the data. This paper studies a method for the data examination, including the real time examination in the field procedure, and the indoor complete examination, examining the road line shape, mileage, important technical indices and the ancillary facilities’ positions and import technical indices. This paper designs a solution for the data examination and develops the Rural Road Infrastructure Data Examining System. According to the experiments, the efficiency of the solution is proved.