The study is about submarine pipeline. Considering the impact of different axial force, The reduced velocity is introduced as the pipeline vibration effect of vortex trail releasing. The vibration parameters of the span pipeline are analyzed and vibration control formula is built. The natural span length of the submarine pipeline is calculated according to the DNV-OS-F101 rule. The natural frequency of the span pipeline and the allowable span length are solved. The case study of submarine pipeline in Chengdao oil field is made and the variation law of natural frequency of span pipeline is got. The stream reduced velocity decreases as the axial force increase. The theory analysis of the vortex induced vibration can provide the scientific basis for the safety design of offshore submarine pipeline.