The method of construction about the concrete-filled thin-walled square steel box short columns is studied in this paper. Composite steel is designed inside of the concrete-filled thin-walled square steel box short columns. The use of the transverse steel bars’ constraining effect on the concrete and bonding effect on the walls enhances the local stability and bearing capacity of the wall. According to the concrete strength C30/C35/C40 and the thickness of the steel 1.25mm/1.75mm/2.5mm,42 short column specimens are made and the size of all specimens is 200mm×200mm×690mm.The static bearing capacity test is done by the 500-ton electro-hydraulic serve testing machine. The whole curve is made .The composite steel and the thin-walled steel’s strain is tested. The results show that this method of construction has a certain effect on constrainting concrete and bonding effect on the walls, significantly improving their mechanical properties, increasing the carrying capacity and ductility, and it is easy to be accomplished.