The seismic responses of solid pile and hollow pile were analyzed and compared in this paper. According to the deflection equation of pile during earthquake, rotation, bending moment, shear force and soil resistance of pile were obtained. The differences of deflection, rotation, bending moment, shear force and soil resistance between hollow pile and solid pile, whose effective areas of cross-sections were same, were found. From calculation results, hollow pile had certain advantages in seismic performance. This study provided a theoretical basis for the applications of hollow piles in practical engineering.