Paper Title:
Pedestrian Evacuation Based on a Dynamic Parameters Model
  Abstract

A dynamic parameters model is presented based on cellular automata for pedestrian evacuation in this paper. The dynamic parameters: Direction-parameter, Empty-parameter and Cognition-parameter are formulated to simplify tactically the decision-making process of pedestrians, which can reflect the pedestrian judgment on the surrounding conditions and decide the pedestrian’s choice of action. Pedestrian moving rules were established, according to two-dimensional cellular automaton. The simulation results of the model are analyzed. It is observed that there is a linear relationship between evacuation time and pedestrian density, however, there is a negative exponential relationship between evacuation time and exit width. The simulation results correspond with the actual, it is instructional significant for pedestrian evacuation.

  Info
Periodical
Chapter
Chapter 7: Traffic Control and Information Technology
Edited by
Shucai Li
Pages
956-959
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.97-98.956
Citation
N. Zhu, B. Jia, C. F. Shao, "Pedestrian Evacuation Based on a Dynamic Parameters Model", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 97-98, pp. 956-959, 2011
Online since
September 2011
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: Ying Hui Liang, Xi Zhang, Pan Zheng
Abstract:Emergency evacuation of large passenger station passenger terminal operations management is an important part of management. In this paper,...
92
Authors: Bao Qian Dai, Tong Wang, Jin Zhang
Abstract:The state of pedestrian flow was observed for public assembly place exit. The basic parameter data of evacuation simulation obtained from the...
2540
Authors: Yan Fang Wei, Wei Shi, Tao Song
Chapter 2: Transportation Planning, Construction and Operation Organization
Abstract:Evacuation time it takes for people to escape out of a room with obstacle was investigated by using a small-grid lattice gas model with...
471
Authors: Yi Zhou Chen, Si Jing Cai, Yun Feng Deng
Chapter 11: Computer Application and CAD/CAE
Abstract:The primary goal of emergency evacuation for pedestrians is evacuating as many people as possible to safe areas in a shortest time when the...
3533
Authors: Gang Xu, Zhen Yan Liang, Hai Yan Liu
Chapter 8: Software Design and Development
Abstract:This paper, based on the principle of Cellular Automata, simulated the emergent evacuation from a floor of lecture building with different...
1497