Silicon nitride ceramics were prepared by gas pressure sintering (GPS) with different sintering additives, including La2O3, Sm2O3 and Al2O3. Effect of sintering additives on the phase-transformation, microstructure and mechanical properties of porous silicon nitride ceramics was investigated. The results show that the reaction of sintering additives each other and with SiO2 had key effects on the phase-transformation, grain growing and grain boundaries. With 9MPa N2 atmosphere pressure, holding 1h at 1850°C, adding 10wt% one of the La2O3, Sm2O3, Al2O3, porous silicon nitride was prepared and the relative density was 78%, 72%, 85% respectively. The flexural strength was less than 500MPa, and the fracture toughness was less than 4.8MPam1/2. Dropping compounds sintering additives, such as La2O3+Al2O3, Sm2O3+Al2O3 effectively improves the sintering and mechanical properties. The relative density was 99.2% and 98.7% with 10wt% compounds sintering additives. The grain ratio of length to diameter was up to 1:8. The flexural strength was more than 900MPa, and the fracture toughness was more than 8.9MPam1/2.