Oxidation-resistant coatings with gradient structures on C/SiC composites were fabricated. The gradient oxidation-resistant coatings were composed of three layers. The inner layer was reaction-bonded SiC which was fabricated by silicon infiltration. The middle layer was dense CVD SiC with the gradient component which was produced by the pyrolysis of methyltrichlorosilan (MTS) in excess hydrogen. The outer layer was a sealed layer with B4C and MoSi2 powders which was fabricated by slurry process. Optical microscope and SEM were used to observe the cross-section morphology and microstructure of coatings. XRD and EDS were used to characterize the phase composition and component distribution of coatings. EDS analysis showed the component distribution of CVD SiC coating changed significantly with the change of ratio of MTS to H2. The result indicated that C/SiC composite had good oxidation resistance when it was used at high temperature in the environment of high-speed combustion gas.