The wear resistance, corrosion resistance, high temperature resistance layers were prepared on the surface of ductile iron via laser alloying process, using the mixed ponder of sub-micron carbides power as starting materials. The microstructures of the different laser alloying layers were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS, TEM. The microhardness and wear resisitance of the laser alloying layers were examined. The results reveal that the flat alloyed coating combines metallurgically with the substrate. the laser area was composed by alloyed zone ,heat-affected zone and matrix zone. The alloyed zone was composed mainly by ledeburite and carbide, while martensite and retained austenite were contained in the heat affected zone, there is no significant change in the Matrix zone. Under conditions that the laser power, spot diameter remain unchanged, with in 400 ~ 1000 mm/min scanning speed, the hardness of alloyed coating increases with increasing scanning speed. The weightlessness of the alloyed samples under the dry sliding friction is one-sixteenth of ductile iron. The wear resisitance of the alloyed coating has improved significantly.