Nickel-based nano self-lubricating coatings were deposited on medium carbon steel by laser. The microstructure and tribological properties of the typical coating containing 10wt % nano-hBN powders were investigated using SEM incorporating EDS, and high temperature tribo-tester, respectively. It was found that the cladding layer and substrate was good metallurgical bonding. Dry sliding frictional tests suggested that the composite coating containing about 10wt % hBN powders has lower friction coefficient than that of pure Ni60 cladding at room temperature with a load of 40N and a speed of 2m/s, as well as 400°C with a load of 20N and a speed of 2m/s. The wear resistance of Ni60-hBN coating is about 10 times than that of Ni60 coating. The SEM analysis of the abrasion morphology found that wear mechanism of self-solid lubrication coating was adhesive wear, and wear mechanism of the cladding layer of non-lubricant was adhesive wear with abrasive wear.