A series of polyimide/ZnO films were successfully prepared via a solution process. The friction and wear behavior of the hybrid polyimide films in dry sliding against Si3N4 ball was examined on a DF-PM ball-on-block unidirectional friction and wear test rig. The worn surface morphologies of the films were observed with a scanning electron microscope. It was found that the introduction of zinc oxide led to improving the tribological characteristics and thermal stability of the polyimide films. The polyimide/zinc oxide hybrid films had much better friction-reducing ability and wear-resistance than the neat PI film.