Aaccording to the cases that the synthetic quality evaluation system for fabric is not reasonable at present, a new synthetic quality evaluation system for fabric on fuzzy theory is proposed. This new evaluation system is made of foundation layer, evaluating layer and result layer. In foundation layer, the quality standard model and evaluating data model based on multi-indexes are proposed, and the calculation method of each index value in these models is given. In evaluating layer, according to the problem that the result of existing closeness algorithm has greatly repeated, a new evaluation algorithm is proposed. In result layer, two formulas which are continuous result and discrete result are given. Also the accuracy and rationality of this evaluation system is validated by some examples in this paper, and the effect of evaluation result by the primary-secondary indexes, the significance of closeness, the expansibility of model, the accuracy of system and the application method are made analysis. At last, the conclusion shows that this system can make the synthetic evaluation for fabric quality rationally and accurately.