Low molecular weight poly(butylene adipate) (PBA) was synthesized by melt polycondensation. The chain extension of the prepolymers was carried out using 2,2’-(1,4-phenylene)-bis(2-oxazoline) (PBOX) as chain-extender. The influencing factors including reaction temperature, oxazoline/-COOH molar ratio, and the molecular weight of prepolymers were studied. At the optimal chain-extending condition, PBA with Mn of 38583 and Mw of 125497 was prepared. The structure of the chain-extended PBA was also characterized by the FTIR and 1H NMR.