Magnesium oxychloride cement sawdust concrete box caused great harm to the environment. This article introduced the method to recycle the box. Magnesium oxychloride cement sawdust concrete was gradually heated, in the range of 0 ~ 800°C, and then the residue was calcined at 700 ° C. Studies showed that the 5•1•8 and sawdust in the box was decomposed into MgO in high temperature conditions. The X-ray diffraction examination results showed that the content of this MgO reached 90%. The application the MgO is very wide.