The anti-aging property of wood residues composite is an important indicator for measuring the service performance of products. And the aging problems of these composite materials have attracted more and more attention from people. So we had a research on such problems. By means of experiments, this paper analyzed the reasons for the aging of wood residues composite. Through contrast experimental methods, we analyzed the way to accelerate the aging of them. At last, we adopted the 6-cycle accelerated aging method of ASTM D1037and the aging instrument detecting method according to their characteristics and available experimental conditions. Based on actual conditions, we analyzed the aging factors of wood residues composite such as temperature, humidity, specimen size ,surface decoration and so on.