The objective of this research was to develop a new composite material/system in structural civil engineering. To use of mechanical properties of bamboo-based panel and cold-formed steel, this study composite two kind of materials above-mentioned together utilizing structural adhesives. The research developed various of bamboo/steel composite members, such as composite slabs, composite walls, composite beams and composite columns. And the paper emphasized mechanical performance of bamboo/steel composite slabs and composite beams. Experimental studies on flexural behavior of 6 composite slabs and 9 composite beams were carried out and the failure process, failure modes and failure mechanism were investigated. Experiment results indicates that the bamboo plywood and cold-formed steel can form an excellent composite cross-section; Load vs. mid-span deflection curves of composite slabs and composite beams show linear on serviceability limit state. The maximum ultimate strength of composite slabs and beams have reached 30.0 kN•m and 36.13 kN•m respectively. The study shows that bamboo-steel composite members have good prospects in building structures of China.