As everyone knows, reliability growth technology is an essential part in the mechanical reliability theory as well as an insurance of the products capability in usage. It exists throughout the entire lifespan of development, manufacturing and application. Concerning the reliability characters of mechanical products, that product life obeys Weibull distribution, which is mostly resulted from the test on the small sample, three parameters of life distribution are estimated by the grey estimation in this paper. Then according to the data acquired in the test, Duane growth model is surely developed to assess the situation of reliability growth. Furthermore, the following example ascertains that the developed model is in accordance with mechanical characters. From the result, Duane model is reasonable to evaluate the reliability growth level of mechanical products. It is obvious that the improved measure is effective to enhance the reliability and the value of MTBF can be calculated with the model.